English Grammar Lesson_Parts_of_Speech_Noun and Types of Nouns-Prepskool

English Grammar Lesson: Noun

Hello Readers, This article is in continuation of the Article on the 8 Parts of Speech. In that article, we discussed Parts of speech in brief. With this article, we are taking the matter to a deeper level so that you can understand Noun, thoroughly. But, before proceeding, we advise you to go through the article on Parts of Speech as it would help you to understand things more clearly. A noun in Spanish is called ‘Sustantivo’.

Before Proceeding, make Sure you know answers to the following Questions.

If you are good to go, let’s discuss NOUN and the types of Noun.

What is a Noun?

We all know a universal definition of Noun because our teacher from 3rd grade made us learn it by heart.And it goes like this-  A noun is a name of person, place or a thing.  But, there’s more to it.

A noun is a part of speech that is used to name anything we could perceive. Or in simple words, is the name of anything we could think of. It includes the names of persons, place, animals, idea, condition or state.

The English word noun has its roots in the Latin word ‘nomen‘, which means “name.” Of all the parts of speech, nouns are perhaps considered the most important. The reason is the extensive usage of Noun in daily life. Like your name, your friend’s name or your pet’s name. The names are not limited to persons or animals.

Person – A term for a person, whether the proper name, gender, title or class, is a noun.
Animal – A term for an animal, whether the proper name, species, gender, or class is a noun.
Place – A term for a place, whether the proper name, physical location, or general place is a noun.
Thing – A term for a thing, whether it exists now, will exist, or existed in the past is a noun.
Idea – A term for an idea, be it a real, workable idea or a fantasy that might never come true, is a noun.

Noun Examples

The first and the most important Part of Speech i.e. Noun is easier to understand if we relate it to our lives. Hence, we explained it with the help of some examples.

Eg:  Rusty is playing Cricket.
Rusty is a name of a person, so it is a noun.
Cricket is a name of a sport, therefore, is a noun.

Person – Rusty’s watch is lost.
Person – Trump is the President of America.
Person – Einstein was a great physicist.
Person – Shakespeare is known for his fiction novels.

Animal – The dog barked at the stranger.
Animal –Lions are ferocious.
Animal – We all know about Unicorn, the Horse.

Dehradun is a beautiful place.
Dehradun is a name of a place. Place represents a class.

Place – The hospital is closed now.
Place – Let’s go on a Jungle Safari.
Place – Harvard and Yale are two famous universities.
Place – Look! There’s the Eiffel Tower.

Thing – Cut the apple.
Thing – Please shut the fan off.
Thing – The ferry is standing behind the bus.
Thing – It’s time to plant some trees to save the environment.

Beauty lies in the eye of the beholder.
Here, Beauty is something intangible which we can only perceive with eyes or feel, so it’s a noun.

Idea – Follow the rules.
Idea – The theory of relativity is an important concept.
Idea – Happiness is a great emotion.

How is Noun Used in Sentences?

A Noun is widely used in English Grammar and in various forms. Its form can be shifted according to its need in the sentence. Although it’s relatively next to impossible to discuss all forms of Noun, we have picked some of the most commonly used forms which are very important to understand, if you wish to excel English Grammar.

  • Nouns are subjects. When we talk, we must have something to talk about. The thing that we are talking about in a sentence is a  subject. The subject is a noun.

For example- Rusty plays tennis.

Note: We have talked about Subject and Objects in our previous post. Read it Here- Subject and Predicate.

  • Nouns are objects of prepositions. These nouns follow the prepositions in prepositional phrases.

For example- Rusty plays tennis with Monica.

  • Nouns are predicate nominatives. These nouns follow linking verbs and rename the subject.

For example- Monica is a great Athlete.

  • Nouns are object complements. These nouns mark the completion of a direct object.

For Example- Monica called her horse, Treepie.

There are lots of other functions of a Noun. We leave that task to you. If you know the other functions of Noun then do share it in the comment box below.

Types/ List of Noun

  • Proper Noun– The names that differentiate anything from the other members of the class it belongs to. The name of specific or unique things is Proper noun.
  • Common Noun– The names that signify or points to the whole class or community of something are termed as Common Noun.
  • Collective Noun–  The name given to a group or a cluster or a collection are termed as the collective noun.
  • Abstract Noun
  • Material Noun

    Classification of Noun on the basis of Countability

  • Countable Noun
    • Singular Nouns
    • Plural Nouns
  • Uncountable Noun

Classification of Noun on the basis of Gender

  • Masculine Gender
  • Feminine Gender
  • Neuter Gender


Short Noun Exercise

Is the highlighted noun a common noun or a proper noun?

Karen loves to eat at the restaurant on the corner.
I went to the dentist for a root canal.
We’re going to have fish for dinner.
His favourite car is a Porsche.

Answer Key: 1: Proper noun,  2: Common noun, 3: Common noun, 4: Proper noun

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