8 Parts of Speech- English Lessons

English Grammar Lesson #2-The 9 Parts of Speech

Hello Readers, Parts of Speech. In our last lesson, we discussed the Sentence and Subject & Predicate. In that chapter, we discussed the structure and the types of sentences in English grammar. 

If you missed that lesson, go through it before proceeding further in this post. 



Parts of Speech in English Grammar

Parts of speech refers to the words used in a sentence which serves a specific purpose. The words in a sentence are placed in a certain fashion that the whole sentence forms a meaningful sense.

Consider an example:

The people of Rome are great.

There are 6 words in the above sentence. Each word in the sentence is serving a purpose. If any word is omitted, the message conveyed by the sentence will be changed.

Therefore, words in the sentence are classified into different classes. And these classes are known as parts of speech. Primarily, there are 8 Parts of SpeechBut according to some grammarians, there are 9 Parts of speech. So, which is the 9th Part of Speech? Due to the extensive usage of Determiners in the English Language, some grammarians consider it as the 9th Part of speech.

So the Eight Parts of Speech in the English Language are:

  1. Noun
  2. Pronoun
  3. Verb
  4. Adjective
  5. Adverb
  6. Prepositions
  7. Conjunctions
  8. Interjections
  9. Determiners (optional)

Parts of Speech with definition, meaning, and examples


Noun

What is a Noun! A Noun is a word used for the name of a person, place or thing (includes anything which we can see, hear, taste or think of). Or in other words, Noun is the name of anything that can be touched or felt.
Example: Bill Gates is a philanthropist.


Pronoun

Definition: A pronoun is a word that is used in the place of a Noun. In simple words, the pronoun is the replacement of a Noun to prevent the redundancy or repetition of the Noun.
Example: Sita is a great dancer. Sita loves music too.

Here the word ‘Sita’ is used more than once due to which the sentence has become a little cumbersome to read. Therefore, to prevent this, Pronoun can be used in place of ‘Sita’. Hence, the sentence will become like this.

Sita is a great dancer. She loves music too.

Click here to read about PRONOUN in detail 


Verb

Definition of Verb: A verb is a word used to describe an action, state, or occurrence, and forming the main part of the predicate of a sentence, such as eat, fly, cry.

Example: Tiger ate the goat.

Here the word ‘ate is representing the action done by the tiger. So ‘ate‘ is a verb here.

Click here to know more about VERB and Types of verbs.



Adjective

Definition: An Adjective is a word used to add something to the meaning of a noun or a pronoun. In other words, the words which are used to emphasize or qualify a noun or a pronoun are referred to as adjectives.

Example: This a sweet papaya.

Here the sentence without the word sweet will also make sense, but here ‘sweet‘ is used to qualify or describe the quality of the papaya. Hence, the word ‘sweet‘ is adjective here.


Adverb

Definition: An adverb is a word used to add something to the meaning of verb, an adjective, or another adverb but not Noun.

Example: The sunset is very beautiful.

The word ‘very‘ is qualifying the adjective beautiful which is adding to its meaning. Therefore, the word ‘very‘ is an adverb here.

 


Preposition

A preposition is a word used to show the relation OR position of a noun(pronoun) with other noun (pronoun).

Example: The cat is on the table.

Here the word ‘on‘ is showing relation of the cat with the table. Therefore, the word ‘on‘ is preposition here.

 


Conjunction

Definition of Conjunction: A Conjunction is a word used to join two or more  words, phrases or sentences.

Example: Ram went to a hill and shouted his name out-loud.

Here, you can see two different sentences, which would have been  complete on their own, are joined by the word ‘and’. Therefore, the word ‘and’ is a conjunction.

 



Interjection

Definition: An Interjection is a word, used in a sentence, to express sudden feelings, emotions, actions.

Example: Hurray!  We won the 1st prize.

The word ‘Hurray’ displays an event of sudden feeling and emotion. Hence, an Interjection.

 


Determiners

Although a part of adjective, many writers consider determiners as an individual part of speech. Thanks to its extensive use in English Grammar.

A Determiner is a modifying word that determines the kind of reference a noun or noun group has. Article is one of the extensively used and known kind of determiners.

Example- a, an, the, this, those etc..

Example sentence: A man is sitting behind the mango tree.

Here ‘A’ and ‘the’ are determiners (article). The usage of ‘a’, ‘an’, ‘the’  is discussed in the Lesson on Articles.

 


Now that you are aware of the complete list of parts of speech, take this short exercise .


Parts of Speech Examples and Exercise

Determine which part of speech each word belongs to in the following sentences. First one is done for your guidance.

Eg.: Mahatma Gandhi is  ‘the Father of the Nation‘.

In this sentence,

  • ‘Mahatma Gandhi’ is a name, hence, a noun.
  • ‘is’ is a verb.
  • ‘the’ is an article or an adjective.
  • ‘of’ is a preposition.
  • ‘nation’ is a noun.
  1. I have a lot of things to eat.
  2. The car is near the tree.
  3. There is a book on the table.
  4. The door is not opened.
  5. Where were you born?

Do share your answers and comments with us. If you have any other queries, mail it to us.

Thank you.

Up Next: Types of Speech- Noun

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